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THE FLORALA NEWS- WEDNESDAY, APRIL 22, 2015 • PAGE 5 Annual Drinking Water Quality Report January - December 2014 City of Florala We are pleased to present to you this year&apos;s Annual Water Quality Report. This report is designed to inform you about the quality water and services we deliver to you every day. Our constant goal is to provide you with a safe and dependable supply of drinking water. We want you to understand the efforts we make to continually improve the water treatment process and protect our water resources. We are committed to ensuring the quality of your water. Our water source is ground water drawn through a series of two wells. Well #3, which is located at the Florala Airport, pumps at a rate of 580 gallons per minute and is set at a depth of 316 feet. This well pumps from the Crystal River Fonnation and Oligicene Undefferentiated. Well #2 is located across from the Water Department Warehouse on E. 6th Avenue. It pumps a t the rate of 300 gallons per minute and is set ata depth of 495 feet. This well pumps from the Tallahatta Formation of the Hatchitigbee Formation Lisbon Formation and Moodys Branch Formation. Water from both wells is then treated with chlonne for disinfection purposes. In compliance with the Alabama Qepartment of Environmental Management (ADEM), Florala Water Works and Sewer Board has developed a Source Water Assessment that will assist in protecting our water sources. This plan provides additional information such as potential sources of contamination. It includes a susceptibility analysis, which classifies potential contaminants as high, moderate, or non-susceptible to contaminating the water source. The report has been cor0pleted and approved by ADEM. A copy of the report is available in our office for review, or you may purchase a copy upon request for a nominal reproduction fee. Florala Water Works and Sewer Board utilizes a Bacteriological Monitoring Plan and a Cross Connection Control Policy is in place to insure good safe drinking water for our customers. We're pleased to report our drinking water is safe and meets federal and state requirements. Please help us make this effort worthwhile by protecting our source water. Carefully follow instructions on pesticides and herbicides you use for your lawn and garden, and properly dispose of household chemicals, paints and waste oil. If you have questions about this report or concerning your water quality, please contact Chris Jackson at (334) 858-6722. We want our valued customers to be informed about their water quality. If you want to learn more, please attend our regularly scheduled meetings held on the Second (2nd) Monday of every month at 11:00 AM. at the Florala Utilities Board office. Board Members: Ronnie Robbins, Chairman; James Stone, Lorena Bryant, Robert Williamson Brian Pressly Important Drinking Water Definitions: Action Level (,41_)- The concentration of a contaminant that triggers treatment or other requirements that a water system shall follow. Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) - The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology. Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG) - The level of a contaminant in drinking water below, which there is no known or expected health.MCLGs allow for a margin of safety. Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level (MRDL)- The highest level of a disinfectant allowed in drinking water. There is convincing evidence that addition of a disinfectant is necessary for control of microbial contaminants. Maximum Residual Disinfectant Level Goal (MRDLG)- The level of a drinking water disinfectant below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MRDLGs do not reflect the benefits of the use of disinfectants to control microbial contaminants. Millirems per year•(mrem/yr)-Measure of radiation absorbed by the body. Nephelometric Turbidity Unit (NTU)- Nephelometric turbidity unit is a measure of the clarity of water. Turbidity in excess of 5 NTU is just noticeable to the average person. Non-Detects (ND)- Laboratory analysis indicates that the constituent is not present. Parts per million (ppm) or Milligrams per liter (mg/L)- One part per million corresponds to one minute in two years or a single penny in $10,000. Parts per billion (ppb) or Micrograms per liter (pg/L)- One part billion corresponds to one minute in 2,000 years, or a single penny in $10,000,000. Parts per trillion (ppt) or Nanograms per liter (ng/L)- One part trillion corresponds to one minute in 2,000,000 years, or a single penny in $10,000,000,000. Parts per quadrillion (ppq) or Picograms per liter (pg/L)- One part per quadrillion corresponds to one minute in 2,000,000,000 years or one penny in $10,000,000,000,000. Picocuries per liter (pCi/L) -Picocuries per liter is a measure of the radioactivity in water. Treatment Technique (TT)- A required process intended to reduce the level of a contaminant in drinking water. Threshold Odor Number (TO.N.) - The greatest dilution of a sample with odor-free water that still yields a just-detectable odor. Variances & Exemptions- ADEM or EPA permission not to meet an MC L or a treatment technique under certain conditions. Explanation of reasons for variance/exemptions Based on a study conducted by ADEM with the approval of the EPA a statewide waiver for the monitoring of asbestos and dioxin was issued. Thus monitoring for these contaminants was not required. Florala Water Works and Sewer Board routinely monitors for contaminants in your drinking water according to Federal and State laws. Unless otherwise noted, the data presented in the following tables show the results of our monitoring period of January 1st to December 31st, 2014. All drinking water, including bottled drinking water, may be reasonably expected to contain at least small, amounts of some contaminants. It's important to remember that the presence of these contaminants does not necessarily pose ahealth risk. "lihe EPA or ADEM requires US to monitor for certain contaminants less than once per year because the concentrations of these contaminants do no change frequently. General Information The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs, and wells. As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally occurring minerals and radioactive material, and it can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activities. As you can see by the tables, our system had no monitoring violations of allowable limits of contaminants in dnnking water. We're proud that your drinking water meets or exceeds all Federal and State requirements. We have learned through our monitoring and testing that some contaminants have been detected. The EPA has determined that your water IS SAFE at these levels. MCL's are set at very stringent levels. To understand the health effects described for many regulated contaminants, a have to drink 2 liters of water every day at the MCL level for a lifetime to have a one-in-a-million chance of having the described health effect. Total Coliform: The Total Coliform Rule requires water systems to AMOUNT AMOUNT CONTAMINANT MCI, [DEFECTED CONTAMINANT MCL DEFECTED CONTAMINANT Iotal Coliform Bacteria < 5% ND I hallium(plb) " ND Etbvlbcnzene(ppb) ,+.-, ...... rurbiditv 17' 0.30 Jlii$  Z!$ Fahvlenedibromideltot) lFecal Colifbrn & E. coil ,t{) NIl ,%cry lamide Tf ND Gty phosate(ppb) Iela/photon emitters (mren'yr) 4 ND Atrazine(ppb) 3 ND tteptachloppt) Alpha emitters (pcVl) 15 ND Benzene(ppb} 5 ND Heotachloreoode(otO L'ombined radium (pci,'l} 5 ND tk'nzo(a)pyrcne[PllAs ](ppl I 200 ND Ilc.ach Ioro benze n e(ppb) i Umniulpci/I) 30 ND 4rbo furan(ppb) 40 ND I lexachlorocv clopent adiene( p pb) b:$A ilt:i:it Caon Tetrachloride(ppb ) 5 ND Eindan¢(ppt) Antimony Ippb) 6 NIl ,Ch kn'dane(ppb) 2 NI) Methoxychlor(ppb) Arsenic {ppb) I0 ND iChlorobenene(ppb i 100 ND OxanwI [Vvdatel(oob) Asbestos (MFL) 7 ND 24-D 70 ND Pentacblomohenolf nob) Iariu nl (ppr0) 2 0.02 [>alapon{ppb) . 200 ND Picioranppb) Ber',,llium (ppb) 4 ND Dibmmochloropropane(ppt  2(Y0 ND PCBs(ppt} Brolmte(ppb) 10 ND 0-Dicb Ioroben zene( p p b) 600 ND Silr, azJue(0ob} Cadmiutn{ppb) 5 ND -Dichlorobenzene(ppb) 75 ND Stvrene(itpb ) Chloramirms(ppm) 4 ND 1,2-Dichloroet hanc(ppb ) 5 ND Tet rachlgroet h v len¢(oobl Chlorine(ppm) 4 1.30 LI-Dichloroethy/ene(ppb) 7 ND lokiene(ppnt) Chlorine d kxidelppbl 800 ND Cis - I 2-Dichloroet hv lene{ ppb) 70 ND roe Chlorite( pplrQ 1 1.17 I tans- 1.2-Dichkroet hy lenel p p b} IIKI ND ]'THM(ppb) Chromiunltoobl I00 ND Dichlo ru raet hane( p pb) 5 ND l'olphene( rlob'l Copper (ppml AL=I.3 0.00 1 2-Dichloropropane(ppb ) 5 ND L4.5-TP(Sih,cxXrobi Cyanide (ppb} 200 ND h-( Ih ex-r, I)ad if ale{ p p b ) 400 ND 1,24-Tfich Io robenzn¢(pp b) Fluorlde (ppln} 4 0.11 Di(2-et h y lhex, I)ph t hlates (ppb } 6 ND I,l.I-Tddfloroelhane(orrb) Lead {ppb) At:- 15 ND Diimseb(ppb) 7 ND 1.1.2-Trichloroethneippb ) Vlercurv Ippb) 2 ND Dioxin[3fl.g-TCDDl{ppq ) 30 ND Trichloroet hylene(pp b) Nitrate (ppm) 10 0.62 Diquat(ppb) 20 ND Vhlvl Chkwidetru)b) Nitrite (ppm) I ND Endothall(ppb) 100 ND [Xvlenesl01nt) Fotat Nitrate & Nitrite I0 0.6 Endrin(ppb 2 I ND I Table of Primary Contaminants [ At hh leve soma prwr' contaminants are know n to pose a health risks to humans Ttlis labia provides a quick lance of an priar contaminant detactions. AMOUNT L DEI'EC3"ED FF NIl 700 ND 5O N1) • 700 ND 60 0.44 4OO ND 2(,0 ND 1 ND •  ND 200 ND 4q ND 200 ND I ND 500 ND .SO0 ND 4 ND 100 ND 5 ND I ND TT ND 80 133 3 ND 50 ND 70 ND 200 ND 5 ND 5 ND 2 ND l0 ND Table of Secondary and Unregulated Contaminants Secondary Drinking Water Standards are guidenes regulating contan'inants that may cause cosmetic effects (such as skin or tooth scoloratk) or aesthetic effects such as taste. odor, or color) in drinking w ater ADE has Secondary Drlnlng Water Standards established in state regulations applk::able to w ater system= requced to monitor for the various components Unreguated¢ntbminant$aethsefrwhchDAhasnteatabisheddrinknwaterstandatds ]ep'Jrposeof unregulaldcctarnmantrnonitoringistoassistEPAk ; determminl/61e occurance of unregut'ed contaminants in drinki w ater and whether future ret ion is w awt=mtod. CONTAMINANT I. MCL ] DEFECT i CN"I-AMINANT MCL 17 DEFECT CONTAMINANT I MCL DEI'EL Silver 7 ND Sulfate 70 ND rotalDissotved Solids 500 166 inc . 5 ND JTmoeiatule (C) N/A ND Total Alkalinit NIA 178 ITotal Hardness Jas CaCO3} NA 169 Hemchlorobutadiene N/A ND [soorovlbenzeae N/A ND M-Dichloroben,ene N/A ND Methomv I N/A ND Melo -lachlor N/A ND VletribuzJn NIA ND X;11"BE N/A NIl N - Butylbcnzm)e N/A ND qaphthalen¢ N/A ND N-Propylbentene NiA ND :)-Chiorololuene. N/A ND P-Ollorotolaene N/A ND P-Isopropvltoiueae NiA ND Propachlor NIA ND Sec - [klvlbenzene NiA NIl Tert - But¥1benmne NiA ND Aluminum 0.2 ND Foaming Agents 0.5 0.(h5 Chloride 250 7.00 Iron 0.3 0.04 Color (PO.I) 15 9.00 Magnesium 75 16.34 Coper J I " ND Odor T.O,N.) 5 'NIl Calcium N/A 47.21) pH (SU) N/A 7.21 Carbon Dioxide N/A 157 Sodium " N,'A 4.25 Ma anese 0.05 0.00 Specific Conductance (umhos) <500 364.ff0 lfl- Dichlompmpene N/A ND Bml)benzne N/A ND 1.1 2-Tetrac h k3roet hane N/A N1) Brollochk)romethane N/A ND ll-Dichloroelhane NiA ND Bromodichloromelhane N/'A ND 1.2,3 - Trichlo ruben zene N/A ND Bromolbml N/A NI) 1,2.3 - Trich [oropmpanc N/A ND Bronmethane N/A ND i l,24 - Trimelhylbenzmle N/A ND Butachlor N/A ND i l2.4-Irich kmb en zene N/A ND hlrbat','l NSA NIl [ 1.3 - Dichlort)propane N/A ND C'hkroet halxc N/A ND i13 - Dichloropmpene N/A NIl Chh)md ibron)met bathe N/A NIl l 1.3,5 - 'Irhathylbenzene N/A ND Ch Ior) form N/A ND 22 - Dichloropropane N/A ND Chh)romethane IA ND 3-[ly dr0 x3' earbo fu ran N/A ND Dibromochlorumelhane N/A ND Mdicarb N/A ND [)ibromomethane N/A ND Aldicarb Sullbne N/A ND Dichlorudilluoromelhane N/A ND Aldicarb Sulfo;,&le N/A NIl L)ieldrin N/A NIl • iAIdrin N/A ND Fluorotrichloromethan N/A ND meet a stricter limit for coliform bacteria. Coliform bacteri a are usually harmless, but their presence in water can be an indication of disease-causing bacteria. When coliform bacteria are found, special Table of Detected Drinking Water Contaminants CONTAMINANT MCLG MCL Ran e Amount Detected Collitallllnatioll i <. :: :::::::::: :: :ii :::::::::::::::::::::::::: ::i:Ni :::::: ;-;. f 1 ii{.i;,/iiiii Discharkae of drilling wastes; O.Ol O.O2 O.O2 clischarge from metal refinerit. Barium 2 2 ppm erosion of liar t|rat deposits Water additive used to Chlorine b,4 RI)I_G 4 MRDL4 1.130 1.30 1.30 ppm control microbes By-product o f'drinkh]g Chlorite t).8 I 0.87 1.17 1.17 ppm water ¢hlorin ation No. of sites above action level UorfosiOll of'hot,sellold 0 p lUlllbil tg sy st 'lrlls ;" el'OS ion of I 0 Sites t).OO aatura] deposits; leaching from Copper (2012) 1.3 At. = I >3 ppm vva)d p reservat ivcs Water additive ",, hicb p rOmOl ' st rollg t eel h; erosion 0.06 O. I 1 O. l 1 f nat tlral dep osit s; discharge t'rom fi.-rtilizcr and aJunliltum F luoride 4 4 p p m factories RtlllOff froth fert ilizer use; leaching li'om sep t ic I ank s, 0.26 0.62 O.62 sewage: erosion of natural Nitrate (,'ts N) tO I 0 ppm d..:pogit s RllaOff fi-Ofll tel-t ttizer use; to,'ching from septic tanks, O.26 0.62- 0.62 sewage; erosion of natural Total Nitrate& Nitrite tO tO ppm deposits By-product of drinking Ilaloacetic Acids I}.IAA5) O 60 ND I).44 t).44 ppb water chlorinat ion Total t rilalomet har, es ND 1.33 1.33 By-product ofdrinking (TTHM) ] 0 80 - I ppb i ',rater chlorination Naturally occurring in the Chloride N/A 250 NIl 7.00 7.(FO ppm environn',ent or as a result o faricu Rural ru no I1' Naturally occurring in the environlrlcnt or as a result (.'t dor N/A 15 2.iX) 9.00 9.00 PCU oftreatnx, ent xittl water additives Naturally occurring in the Fomning Agents N/A 0.5 ND O.06 0.06 ppm environ mcnt h'on N/A 0.3 ND 0.04 0.04 ppm Erosion oflxatuml deposits M a7,esium N/A 0.05 5.18 - 16.34 16.34 ppm Erosion of natural deposits Total Dissolved Solids I N/A I 500 94.00 - 16.(FO 166.(FO I ppm iErosion of natural deposits Calcium N/A N/A 34.90 47.2q 47.20 ppm Erosion of natural deposits Carbon Dioxide N/A N/A 87.40 157.00 157.00 ppm Erosion of natural deposits Mm)nese N/A N/A ND O.OO O.tX) ppm Erosion of natural deposits / occurring in the cnvironnllxt or as a result pH N/A N/A 7.20 7.21 7.21 SIJ oftreattnent with water I additives Naturally occurring in the Sodium N/A N/A 1.69 4.25 4.25 ppm environment Naturally occurring in the Cnvironl).nt or as u result Specific Conductance N/A <500 2(18.00 364.00 364.00 uirth os oftreamlent with water additives Total Alkalinit N/A N/A , 99.40 , 178.'- 178.O0 ppm Eosionof,aturaldeposits' Naturally occurring in tte environnnt or as a result Total Hardness (as CaCO3) • N/A N/A 96.70 169.00 169.00 ppm o ftreathent with water additives follow-up tests are done to determine if harmful bacteria are present in the water supply. If this limit is exceeded, the water supplier must notify the public by newspaper, television or radio. To comply with the stricter regulation, we have increased the average amount of chlorine in the distribution system. , Lead in Drinking Water: "If present, elevated levels of lead can cause serious health problems, especially for pregnant women and young children. Lead in drinking water is primarily from materials and components associated with service lines and home plumbing. Florala Water Works and Sewer Board is responsible for providing high quality drinking water, but cannot control the variety of materials used in plumbing components. When your water has been sitting for several hours, you can minimize the potential for lead exposure by flushing your tap for 30 seconds to 2 minutes before using water for drinking or cooking. If you are concerned about lead in your water, you may wish to have your water tested. Information on lead in drinking water, testing methods, and steps you can take to minimize exposure is available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline or at http://" Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. People who are immuno-compromised such as cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy, organ transplant recipients, HIV/ AIDS positive or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from infections. People at risk should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency)/CDC (Center of Disease Control) guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by Cryptosporidium and Other microbiological contaminants: are available from the. Safe Drinking Water Hotline. All Drinking water, including bottled drinking water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agency's Safe Drinking Water Hotline (800-4264791). In our continuing efforts to maintain a safe and dependable water supply it may be necessary to make improvements in your water system. The costs of these improvements may be reflected in the rate structure• Rate adjustments may be necessary in order to address these improvements. Thank you for allowing us to continue providing your family with clean, quality water this year. In order to maintain a safe and dependable water supply we sometimes need to make improvements that will benefit all of our customers. These improvements are sometimes reflected as rate structure adjustments. Thank you for understanding.  We at Florala Water Works and Sewer Board work around the clock to pro,ide top quality water to every tap. We ask that all our customers help us protect our water sources, which are the heart of our community, our way of life and our children's future. For more information contact: Chris Jackson, Florala Water Works & Sewer Board, P.O. Box 346 1293 5th Street, Florala, AL 36442, Telephone (334) 858-6722 Fax (334) 858-7009