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The Florala News
Florala , Alabama
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June 19, 1975     The Florala News
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June 19, 1975
 

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IMAGE©SMALLTOWNPAPERS, JNC. ALL CONTENT COPYRIGHTED. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. USE SUBJECT TO LICENSE AGREEMENT. REPRODUCTION, DISSEMINATION, STORAGE, DISTRIBUTION PROHIBITED. VIRGIN PINE FORESTS VIRGIN PINES BEING CUT AND BOXED IIOR TURPEN11Ir FOREST OF PINES AFTER THEY HAVE BEEN CUT AND BOXED FOR TURPENTINE SIIOilN AS THE OIL IS BEING EXTRAcTED PROM THE BOXES AND PUT INTO KEYS FOR TRANSPORTING TO THE TURPENTINE MILL. The beginning of the 1900's was one of the most exciting and the most active of all the years for this area. Florala was young and Lockbart was being born in 1902 and 1903. At that time Florala was the largest town in Covington Court- ton County and the future was very bright and colorful. In many ways it was aromatic period. Al~'eadynorthwest FIo- rida on the South side of Lake Jackson, then known as Mc- Dade's Pond was booming in agriculture and cattle and Florala was already in the building stage and was already very active and progressive. Sawmills were springing up in Paxton and Lakewood with the largest of the lumber mill- ing companys being Jacl~son Lumber Company in Lockhart. Immediately the pine forest was being recognized for its beauty and for its value for lumber, turpentine resins and gums. The pine forests in those early years must have been something beautiful, indeed. Of all our forest trees the pines are among the most beautiful, the most numerous as to species, the most widely dis- tributed, and the most useful to man kind and this area was indeed, wealthy with these je- wels. In size the pine ranges from a few feet in height to majestic heights. This area was loaded with the tall long- leafed virgin yellow pine. The forests in this area, as fre- quently in most pine forests, form extensive forests rarely mixed with other trees. A few species of pines extend even into the tropics, these being found on the mountains of Central America but never have the pines anywhere compared with the beautiful pines of this section. There are 37 species of the pines in the United States alone, of wbice 25 occur in great fo- rests of the western states, but no where has there ever been a more extensive forest of the large virgin pines than here. The pine most prominent around Florala area was the long-leaf yellow pine which is conspicuous for its needles, which are often a foot in leng- th, growing in clusters of three. It is a very slender sfately tree, rising to a height of 50 to 120 feet. The trunk is hare of limbs to a great height, and is covered with orange- brown bark which separates into scaly plates, as you can see from the photos here which were taken in the Jackson Lum- ber Company forests. The cones were large and coarse. In this area was found tbe long- leaf yellow Georgia pine and the veritable giant, the great yel- low pine, which occasionally rises to a height of 230 feet and which frequently is 150 feet in height. The needles, which grow in clusters of three, are long and twisted; the small oval ones have re- curved PriCkles. Most of our pines in this area today are the loblolly pine which covers great areas of the Southern states. It is hardy and frequently springs up in devastaded and im- poverished land. It grows to a height of 80 to 90 feet and sometimes has a girth of six to eight feet. The needles are rather long, growing in groups of three, and are light green In color. The cones grow in pairs and are quite large. The pines, then as now, are and were valued for the durability and the attractive grainoftheir wood. They have long supplied most of the softwood lumber produced in the United States, and billions of board feet con- tinue to be used each year for such purposes as beams, house frames, furniture, and interior finish come mainly from the Southern pines. The South has been made the center of the coarse paper industry. The Southern pines have come into use for the manufacture of newsprint paper. Pines which have no value for timber or resin, make satisfactory news- print and has given commer- cial importance to millions of wooded areas and has laid the foundation for~ a promising newsprint industry in the Southern states. This industry is welcomed by publishers of newspaper, etc. because there is now developing a paper shortage. Actually the pine tr~ is what really built this area in the beginning. But all was not pretty in those days as we would like to remember it and to look back on with only the beautiful dreams of those early settlers• There were bralws, shootings and lyn- chings here just as was a fault of all areas of those days. Florala was a town with many barrooms, but a- Long with them was the opera and the Chautauqua and many cultural activities were en- joyed along with a grand social whirl. Lake Jackson had a big part in the areas activities with boat rides and swimm- ing. In those days there were TURPENTINE MILL WITH HUNDREDS OF FILLED BARRELS OF THE OIL OBTAINED FROM THE CONE BEARING PINE TREES OF THE FOREST. THE TU SHIPPED TO PLANTS MAKING PAINTS, VARNISHES AND MEDICINES. LIVING QUARTERS IN THE FOREST WHERE WORKMEN LIVED DURING THE PINES FOR TURI'ENTINE AND THE cUTTING OF THE TREES. THE WOMEN FOLK THE CABINS AND DID THE CHORES OF FEEDING AN.D CLEANING. WORKMEN IN THE FOREST AS THEY BEGIN THE CUTTING OF THE LARGE several large boats on Lake Jackson which were large enough to accommodate large parties out on the clear waters of the beautiful lake. Pictured are early scenes of Jackson Lumber Company and the Town of Lockhart. These pictures were taken sometime between 1903 and 1910. Since Jackson Lumber Company began operation in 1903 it is believed that most of these pictures were taken along about that period since most of the pictures show buildings after large pines had been cut and before new trees had time to grow. You can see by most of the pictures that large stumps were Still on the grounds which were later removed and later pic- tures show young trees in the landscape. The first pictures shown are of the very large virgin long- leaf yellow pines, trees like few of us have bad the privi- lege of seeing. The first three pictures show the beautiful stately pine trees as they grew before the workmen went in to cut the trees to be carried to mill and sawed into the fine lumber that could be purchased in those days. Picture No. 4 is where workmen are chipping the pine tree for what is called "boxing" for turpentine from the large trees prior to their being cut for lumber. The se- curing of turpentine from the virgin long-leaf yellow pines was one of the largest indus- tries along with lumber of Lockhart Lumber Company. The crude turpentine resins or CONTINUED A LARGE PINE TREE AS IT IS BEING CHOPPEP TAKING TO THE MILL FOR CUTTING INTO