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Florala , Alabama
June 29, 2011     The Florala News
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June 29, 2011

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THE FLORALANEWS WEDNESDAY, JUNE 29, 2011 PAGE 5 Annual Drinking Water Quality Report City of Florala We are pleased to present to you this year&apos;s Annual Quality Water Report. This report is designed to inform you about the quality water and service we deliver to you every day. Our constant goal is to provide you with a safe and dependable supply of drinking water. We want you to understand the efforts we make to continually improve the water treatment process and to protect our water resources. We are committed to ensuring the quality of your water. Our water source is groundwater drawn through a series of 2 wells. Well # 3, which is located at the Florala Airport, pumps at the rate of 580 gallons per minute at the depth of 316 feet. This well pumps from the Crystal River Fonnation and Oligicene Undifferentiated. Well # 2 is located across from the Water Department Warehouse on E. 6th Avenue. It pumps at the rate of 300 gallons per minute at the depth of 495 feet. This well pumps from the Tallahatta Formation of the Hatchitigbee Formation Lisbon Formation and Moodys Branch Formation. Water from both wells is then treated with chlorine for disinfection as required by state law. Florala Waterworks and Sewer Board has completed their Source Water Assessment Program. This program is used to identify methods that protect municipal water supply wells from potential contamination. This program has been submitted and approved by A.D.E.M. (the Alabama Department of Environmental Management). I am pleased to report that our drinking water is safe and meets federal and state requirements. Based on a study conducted by ADEM, with the approval of the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency), a statewide waiver for the monitoring of asbestos and dioxin was issued. Thus, monitoring for these contaminants was not required. If you have any questions about this report or concerning your water utility, please contact Michael Holley at 334-858-6722. We want our valued customers to be informed about their water utility. If you want to learn more, please attend any of the regularly scheduled meetings of the FIorala Utilities Board. They are held every first Monday of each month at noon in the Florala City Hall conference room located at 1293 5th St. Florala, Ala. The following individuals are members of the Florala Waterworks and Sewer Board: Marvin Williford - Chairman, Marion Causey, James Stone, Robert Williamson, Brian Presley In accordance with Federal and State Laws, the City of Florala routinely monitors for contaminants in your drinking water. The Florala Water Works and Sewer Board is required to monitor your drinking water for specific contaminants on a regular basis. Results of regular monitoring are an indicator of whether or not your drinking water meets health standards. The following table shows the results of our monitoring for the period, of January 1stto December 31st, 2010. As water travels over land or underground, it can pick up substances or contaminants such as microbes, inorganic and organic chemicals, and radioactive substances. All drinking water, including bottled drinking water, may be reasonably expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. It's important to remember that the presence of these contaminants does not necessarily pose a health risk. In the following table, you will find many terms and abbreviations you might not be familiar with. To help you better understand these terms, we've provided the following definitions: (ND) or Non - Detects- A laboratory analysis indicated that the constituent is not present. (N/A) or Non -Applicable- Does not apply. (PPM) or Parts per million- (mg IL) or Milligrams per liter- One part per million corresponds to one minute in two years or a single penny in $10,000. (PPB) or Parts per billion or Micrograms per liter - one part billion corresponds to one minute in 2,000 years or a single penny in $10,000,000. Action level - the concentrations of a contaminant, which, if exceeded, triggers treatment, or other requirements, which a water system must follow. (TT) or Treatment Techniq ue-A treatment technique is a required process intended to reduce the level of a contaminate in drinking water. Maximum Contaminant Level- The "Allowed" (MCL) is the highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in water. MCL's are set as close to the MCLG's as feasible using the best available treatment technology. Maximum Contaminant Level Goal- The "Goal" (MCLG) is the level of a contaminant in drinking water, which there is no know or the expected health risk. MCLG's allow for a margin of safety. Variances and Exemptions- ADEM or EPA permission not to meet an MCL or a treatment technique under certain conditions. There were 111 sam pies tested from this water system. Regulated Contaminants KEY AL: Action Level TT: Treatment Technique mrem/year: milligrams per year or a measure of radiation absorbed by the body MCL: Maximum Contaminant Level Goal pCi/l: Picocuries per liter or a measure of radioactivity Mg/l: Milligrams per liter, or parts per Million MFL: Million fibers per liter Contaminants (units) Alpha emitters(pCi/1) Copper Barium MCLG + 1.3 MCL 15 AL=15 ppm 2 ppm AMOUNT DETECTED <0.8 0.002 0.0085 MAJOR SOURCES Erosion of natural deposits Corrosion of household plumbing system; Erosion of natural deposits; Leaching from wood preservatives Discharge of drilling wastes; Discharge from metal refineries; Erosion of natural deposits. Turbidity N/A TT 0.3 Soil runoff Nitrate 10 0.196 Nitrite N/D 10 ppm Runoff from fertilizer use; leaching from septic tanks, sewage; Erosion of natural deposits Di(2- ethulhexyl)phthalates Fluoride 6 ppb N/D TTHM [ Total trihalomethanes] 0 4 ppm 100 ppb 0.035 0.0025 Discharge from rubber and chemical factories Water additive which promotes strong teeth; Erosion of natural deposits By-product of drinking water chlorination Halocetic Acids 0 100 0.0003 By-product of [ HAA5] ppb drinking water chlorination All drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least some small amounts of some contaminants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that the water poses a health risk. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agency's Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 1-800-426- 4791. MCLs are set at very stringent levels. To understand the possible health effects described for many regulated constituents, a person would have to drink two (2) liters of water every day at the MCL level for a lifetime to have a one-in-a-million chance of having the described health effect. Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immuno- compromised persons, such as those persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly, and infants, can be particularly at risk from infections. These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers. EPA/CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by cryptosporidium and other microbiological contaminants are available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline (1-800-426-4791). We at the City of Florala work to provide top quality water to every tap. We ask that our customers help us protect our water sources, which are the heart of our community, our way of life and our children's future. Please call our office if you have any questions. Health Effect Language Radioactive Contaminants: (1) Alpha emitters- Certain minerals are radioactive and emit a form of radiation known as alpha radiation. People who drink water containing .these alpha emitters in excess of the MCL over many years may have an increased risk of cancer. Inorganic Contaminants: (2) Arsenic- People who drink water containing arsenic well in excess of the MCL over many years could experience skin damage or nervous system problems. (3) Barium- People who drink water containing barium well in excess of the MCL over many years could experience high blood pressure. (4) Copper- Copper is an essential nutrient, but people who drink water containing copper in excess of the action level over a relatively short amount of time could experience stomach or intestinal problems. People who drink water containing copper well in excess of the action level over many years could suffer liver or kidney damage. People with Wilson's Disease should consult a doctor. (5) Lead- Infants and children who drink water containing lead in excess of the action level could experience delays in physical or mental development. Children could show slight deficits in attention span and learning abilities. Adults who drink this water over many years could develop kidney problems, high blood pressure, or have an increased risk of cancer. (6) Nitrate- Infants below the age of six months who drink water containing nitrate in excess of the MCL could become seriously ill and die, Adults who drink water containing nitrates well in excess of the MCL over many years could experience kidney or spleen problems. (7) Di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate- Some people who drink.water containing Di (2..ethylhexyl) phthalate in excess of the MCL over many years may have problems with their liver, or experience reproductive difficulties, and may have an increased risk of getting cancer. (8) TTHMs (Total Trihalomethanes)- Some people who drink water containing Trihalomethanes in excess of the MCL over many years may experience problems with their liver, kidneys, or central nervous systems, and may have an increased risk of getting cancer. We have learned through our monitoring and testing that some constituents have been detected. The EPA has determined that your water IS SAFE at these levels. The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottled water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs and wells. As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally-occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material, and it can also pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity. Contaminants that may be present in source water include: (A) Microbiological contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, which may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations and wildlife. (B) Inorganic contaminants, such as salt and metals, which can be naturally occurring or result from urban st0rmwater runoff, industrial or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining or farming. (C) Pesticides and herbicides, which may come from a Variety of sources such as agriculture, urban stormwater runoff and residential uses. (D) Organic chemical contaminants, including processes and petroleum production, and by-products of industrial processes and petroleum productions, and it can also come from gas stations, urban stormwater runoff, and septic systems. (E) Radioactive contaminants, which can be naturally occurring or can be the result of oil and gas production and mining activities. In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, EPA prescribes certain regulations, which limit the amount of certain contaminants in bottled water. Those regulations also must provide the same protection for public health. CONTAMINANT VIOLATION MCL AMOUNT Y/N DETECTED Bacteriological Total Coliform Bacteria N < 5% 0% Turbidity N TI" 0.3 , ,, r, Radiological N 15 <0.8 Alpha emitters (pCi/1) Inorganic Chemicals Copper Fluoride Nitrate Sulfate Organic Chemicals Methyl-t-Butyl Ether TTHM N N N N N N 'N HAA5 N 2ppm AL+I.3 ppm 4ppm 10 Wln 250 , mt/l 100 ppb 100 ppb 0.0085 0.0015 0.035 0.26 1.455 0.0016 0.0009 , q '1 O.O004